# EDITORIAL. Editor-in-Chief

Save this PDF as:

Maat: px
Weergave met pagina beginnen:

## Transcriptie

2 EDITORIAL Editor-in-Chief BNVKI Newsletter 54

4 BNVKI-Board News Joost Kok With the introduction of intelligent computer HAL in the 1968 movie 2001, A Space Odyssey, Stanley Kubrick gave AI a tangible example of future promises (and dangers) of AI. His movie AI could have provided a new illustration, if not Kubrick had died in 1999 before he could start shooting the movie. Steven Spielberg decided to take over the project, and the result will be released in the United States June 29 th, in the Netherlands October 4 th, and in Belgium October 24 th. The plot of the movie is as follows: in the mid-21st century, the polar icecaps have melted and many of the world's coastal cities are now underwater. A new intelligence has been created: Artificial Intelligence. Humans must now deal with their creation of super machines that can think for themselves. One may question whether such a creation will be possible around that time. At present, we do not yet see even the beginning of thinking machines. In contrast, the melting of icecaps has already started. Whatever the content of the movie, it will surely raise an interest in Artificial Intelligence amongst the public. It is a bit like the national football team winning a major tournament and as a result many youngsters will start playing football in the next year. If the movie becomes a succes, it may lead to increased numbers of students for AI-related courses. And eventually, it could result in an increase of BNVKI membership. Yoy may think that I am carried away by my imagination, but isn t that what movies are all about? AI: Retrieval of Ph.D. Theses Jaap van den Herik IKAT, Universiteit Maastricht Mathematicians and computer scientists have some preference for recursion and interation as have philosophers. For the last group the question Quis custodiet ipsos custodes? is a brain teaser. Artificial Intelligence researchers usually restrict themselves to Modelling Modelling or Research of Re-search. In this issue we have the pleasure to announce four Ph.D. defences and to publish three Ph.D. thesis reviews. The four defences are all on a different domain of our research agenda, namely on mapping, semantic structure, filtering, and face recognition. The reviews are on Programming Languages for Agent Communication, Language Models for Information Retrieval, and Lexicon Grounding on Mobile Robots. The first review is published immediately after this contribution. The last two reviews are part of the section Computational Linguistics. The prominent characteristic of these seven Ph.D. thesis is the role of languages. While reading I went from language to language, and at the end I needed a filter to extract the essentials for the introduction of the announcement of the theses. Besides languages, another rising element of research is Information Retrieval. This topic is increasing in importance, especially after the wide-spread use of the Internet. Where is what? and Who is the owner of information? are nowadays important questions. I believe that some of the researchers have investigated the subject of Information Retrieval with the aim of giving tools to the AI community in order to keep their own thesis accessible. As we all know some theses survive, other theses disappear. Every Ph.D. student has the high hope that her/his thesis will be the breakthrough to be cited over decades. Many of them disappointedly discover that their four-year work did not result in such a success. However, with the help of newly developed techniques on information retrieval and filtering, I am convinced that the percentage of the Ph.D. students that keep our attention and that thus remain in our thoughts and reach the citation index will increase. Congratulations to all, who made this possible. Well done! BNVKI Newsletter 56

5 P. Sidjanin (June 5, 2001) A cognitive mapping design tool for analysis and control of the visual quality of the urban environment. Universiteit Belgrado and Ontwerpersopleiding Delft University of Technology. Promotores: Prof. A. Tzonis and Prof.dr.ing.habil W. Gerhardt-Häckl. P. van Eck (June 12, 2001) A Compositional Semantic Structure for Multi-Agent Systems Dynamics. VU Amsterdam. Promotores: Prof.dr. F.M.T. Brazier and Prof.dr. J. Treur. A. Arampatzis (June 20, 2001). Adaptive and Temporally-dependent Document Filtering. KU Nijmegen. Promotor: Prof.dr. C.H.A. Koster. Copromotor: Dr.ir. Th.P. van der Weide. M. Pantic (October 15, 2001) Facial Expression Analysis by Computational Intelligence Techniques. Delft University of Technology. Promotor: Prof. dr. H. Koppelaar. Co-promotor: Dr. L.J.M. Rothkrantz. Programming Languages for Agent Communication Rogier van Eijk CTIT, Universiteit Utrecht Programming with mental modes by Koen Hindriks, reviewed to be in a forthcoming Newsletter, addresses the problem of designing agent programming languages that integrate agent theory and agent programming. When the issue of designing multi-agent systems is considered, the gap is maybe even broader. There has been some progress in the field of agent communication languages, which yielded languages like KQML and FIPA-ACL based on speech act theory. The problem with these languages, however, is that their semantics is not fully understood. Moreover, an agent communication language is not an agent programming language yet. So, in case of multi-agent systems, there is the problem of integrating agent theory and agent programming with agent communication. In fact, one of the aims of the thesis is the study and development of communication mechanisms that are suited for the exchange of information among distributed agents. In his thesis Van Eijk uses semantic tools, some of these borrowed from concurrent constraint programming (CCP) and communicating sequential processes (CSP), to study this mechanisms. Thesis review by Hans Tonino TI, TU Delft According to the author of this thesis there is a gap between the theory of agents and the practice of building real agent systems. On the one hand, the field of agent theory deals with formalisms to reason about high-level properties of agents such as its beliefs, goals and capabilities. Examples of agent theories are the BDI (Beliefs, Desires, and Intentions) framework of Rao and Georgeff, and the KARO framework by Meyer, Hoek and Van Linder. These frameworks are based on epistemic logic, which enables formal reasoning about mental attitudes. In the KARO framework, well known in the BNVKI community, also dynamic logic is incorporated to reason about the relation between actions and the mental states of agents. On the other hand, different implementations of agents in different programming languages exist, e.g., web-based information retrieval agents and personal assistants. Many of these agents are implemented in commonly used programming languages such as Java. The programming constructs offered by these languages do not reflect the concepts used in agent theories. However, when designing agents, it can be beneficial to think of these having beliefs, intentions and goals. The thesis Agent Programming Languages The thesis consists of 9 chapters. We will briefly overview the topics covered by these. After an introductory chapter, Van Eijk defines a basis agent programming language in Chapter 2. This language, called ACPL (Agent Communication Programming Language) is built around the basic communication primitives ask(ϕ) and tell(ϕ), BNVKI Newsletter 57

9 modelling approach, for tracking events of interest over time (by tracking documents appearing on the subject of interest over time). In normal IR a document is considered relevant to the information need if it has a similarity value (matching value) over a given, constant threshold. In tracking tasks it becomes difficult to set the threshold. Spitters found that for different subjects different thresholds apply; he assumed a normally distributed score, and obtained good results. Ruud van der Pol (Thoughtwell / Universiteit Maastricht, IKAT; Dipe-D: a tool for knowledgebased query formulation) tried to increase the precision of the IR process by improving the formulation of the initial query. His approach is two-stepped: first the user identifies the concepts of his information need, by specifying their features. Then the tool formulates a query with these concepts, thereby adding synonymous terms, spelling variants, etc. Experiments on the first step suggest that almost all the relevant concepts are identified, and no irrelevant ones. In the second step, the tool formulates a query as good as human beings do. Jeroen Vendrig and Marcel Worring (IvI, Universiteit van Amsterdam; Interaction for video structure detection) detected video structure in large digital video archives. Vendrig and Worring detect scenes, being a series of shots that communicate a unified action with a common locale and time. The common approach concludes when two shots are visually similar and close in time, all shots in between are the same scene. Vendrig and Worring s approach uses different features for different parts of a movie. Their selection of features is done by human beings, in a process in which the computer suggests features. Experiments show this approach (with limited user interaction) works well. Lloyd Rutledge (CWI; Generation of hypermedia presentations from databases) focused on how to communicate retrieved (selected) media to the user. To this end Rutledge presented the Cuypers interface to the Rijksmuseum art database. On a query, Cuypers returns content and generates from this well-structured multimedia presentations, taking into account user and system characteristics (e.g., display type and size). The approach was illustrated by an appealing example, which drew much attention of the audience. Keynote speaker was Stephen Robertson (Microsoft Research / City University, London; Relevance feedback - a perspective). Review of his talk can be found right after this article. The title of the discussion was Interaction and test collections: How do they get along?, but focussed mainly on the users reluctance to provide relevance feedback. Various ways of deriving relevance feedback were mentioned, such as tracking a user s Web browsing behaviour. Also legal and moral aspects of using this potentially sensitive information were discussed. DIRW2 s schedule was relaxed and so was the atmosphere; the coffee breaks and the lunch showed lively discussions and extensive exchanging of experiences. I look forward to DIRW3! Relevance Feedback - A Perspective Stephen Robertson Microsoft Research Cambridge Report by Djoerd Hiemstra CTIT, TU Twente At the Second Dutch Information Retrieval Workshop (reported on in the article above) Stephen Robertson gave an overview of over 20 years of research he did at City University London and later at Microsoft Research Cambridge on relevance feedback for information retrieval. Relevance feedback gives the user the possibility to mark relevant and non-relevant documents in a retrieved list to improve the search. Robertson developed several controlled laboratory experiments where users are not directly consulted to proof the usefulness of relevance feedback. In the so-called "retrospective" experiment, all previously identified relevant documents are used to derive the optimum query. This experiment is far from realistic, but it answers some important questions on how well an algorithm could do if all information was known to the system. In the "predictive" experiment, user judgements one half of the document collection are used to estimate a new query that is tested on the other half of the collection. This is still not a very realistic experiment, because it ignores the question how the user identified the relevant documents in the first half of the collection. This experiment measures how well algorithms generalise over unseen data. Recently, more realistic experiments were developed in the adaptive filtering task of the Text Retrieval Conference of which Robertson is one of the organisers. An adaptive filtering system selects documents from a stream of e.g. news items or news wire data, and users can give feedback to control the system. BNVKI Newsletter 61

13 referred to as Regions of Interest (ROIs). The input of a localiser is the colour histogram of the image divided into sub-images. The localiser finds ROIs by determining for all sub-images if they contain the character belonging to the subclass. The results are stored in a binary matrix, the elements of which represent the presence (1) or absence (0) of a ROI. The output of the localiser is the set of ROIs for the image. IDENTIFIERS For each localiser, an identifier determines the identity of the contents of the ROIs. The inputs of the identifier are the local colour histograms of the sub-images generated by the localiser. The identifier verifies whether the local histograms agree with the character subclass in the following way. If the local histogram (represented as a point in n-dimensional colour space) lies within a certain small distance ε of the centre of a subclass, it is identified as the character associated with the subclass. The global operation of KISS is as follows. For each classifier (for each character to be recognized) all localisers are activated to find ROIs for their respective character subclass. Then, for each subclass, the identifier determines if the associated ROIs indeed contains the character. The operation of the KISS model is illustrated in Figure 1. Classifiers Localisers Identifiers L 11 I 11 value C 1 find ROIs L 1n value Figure 1. Schematic illustration of the operation of the KISS model. IMPLEMENTATION value value In PBL, in addition to a report, a product is developed during the project and presented at the end of the project. This section describes our implementation of the KISS model in terms of the classifier, localiser, and identifier. I 1n image L m1 C m find ROIs L mn recognize character recognize character I m1 I mn IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CLASSIFIER The classifier is responsible for optimally clustering the images into subclasses. As described above, the distance between two points (representing the colour histograms of the images) determines the degree to which two images are dissimilar. The problem can hence be seen as clustering the images into a number of subclasses, where the total distance between the images in each subclass is minimal. In the KISS model, the k-means clustering algorithm is used, producing a relatively good clustering result within a reasonable time. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE LOCALISER Part of the localiser is implemented as a multi-layer perceptron. The reason for using a neural network is their ability to learn from examples. Since comic books make consistent use of colours, we expected the neural network to be able to learn to localise ROIs. The input of the network consists of a colour histogram of a 3 3 pixel sub-image. Taking into account that each pixel is a triplet of values representing red, green and blue, the input layer of the network consists of 27 neurons. The hidden layer consists of four neurons, which are all connected to all the input neurons. The output layer consists of one neuron. The output of this neuron is determined by a step function and indicates whether or not the sub-image (of 3 3 pixels) contains the character that the network was trained to recognize. The output layer is completely connected to the hidden layer. It is important to note that this network structure can be adapted to improve the quality of the classification. (This will be discussed later). The training of the localiser proceeds by training the neural network on a set of training images. Images submitted to the localiser were partitioned into pieces of pixels, some of which contain (a part of) the character to be recognized and others that do not contain parts of characters. Figure 2 shows an example of a partitioned image. Subsequently, these pieces were downscaled to 3 3 pixel sub-images and the associated values were fed into the neural network. Depending on the output of the network, the sub-image is assigned as a ROI. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE IDENTIFIER The identifier is realised in a straightforward way by defining it as a step-function over the distance to the centre of the sub-class. BNVKI Newsletter 65

14 To determine the performance of the localiser, the false negatives (the character is present, but not recognized) and false positives (the character is recognized, but not present) were measured. From these tests it became clear that by increasing the size of the partial images, the number of false negatives increases, whereas the number of false positives decreases. Therefore, the optimal size is hard to establish. The optimal value of the threshold was tested. To determine the performance of the localiser, the number of ROIs produced was measured. During these tests all the other variables were kept constant at the values shown in table 2. Figure 2. Illustration of an image partitioned into sub-images. TEST RESULTS To test KISS, a series of tests on individual components and on KISS as a whole have been conducted. The test results are discussed below. The performance of the classifier is measured in terms of the average separation within clusters (which should be small) versus the average separation between clusters (which should be large). Regarding the classifier, the optimal number of subclasses was established. To do this, a series of tests have been conducted in which the number of subclasses varied from 1 to 10. The classifier was trained on 55 images. From the test results it became evident that the classifier s performance improved with the number of clusters (subclasses). The localiser functions optimally when it produces ROIs that (a) are actually useful, (b) contain a character, and (c) contain as little noise as possible. We studied the effect of the size of the sub-images and the threshold on localisation performance. The size of the partial images, on which the network was trained, was tested. Tests were conducted with partial images of the sizes 10 10, 15 15, 20 20, and pixels. The other variables were kept constant at the values specified in table 1. Variable Value # iterations 1000 learning rate 0.5 momentum 0.5 # subclasses 3 # hidden neurons 4 localiser threshold 0.9 Table 1. Parameter values for studying the localiser s sub-images size. Variable Value # iterations 1000 learning rate 0.5 Momentum 0.5 # subclasses 3 # hidden neurons 4 partial images size pixels Table 2. Parameter values for evaluating the localiser s threshold. From these tests, it could be concluded, as expected, that the number of ROIs produced decreases if the localiser threshold increased. No optimal value could be determined. The functioning of KISS as a whole was tested on the number of subclasses the classifier produces and on the number of iterations on which the localiser was trained. To test the influence of the number of subclasses on the performance of KISS, this number was varied from 2 to 6. The other variables were kept constant at the values listed in table 3. Variable Value # iterations 750 learning rate 0.5 momentum 0.5 # hidden neurons 4 partial images size pixels localiser threshold 0.7 identifier threshold 30.0 Table 3. Parameter values for testing the effect of the number of subclasses. The neurons used a sigmoid function to determine their output. To determine the performance of KISS, the classification performance was measured. KISS was trained with 157 images (training set) and tested with 150 different images (test set). BNVKI Newsletter 66

16 based on the operators of George Boole's mathematical logic: AND, OR, and NOT. The main disadvantage of this model is that it does not provide a ranking of the retrieved documents: a document is either retrieved or not, given a certain Boolean query. However, because most ranked retrieval models are based on the ideas of the Boolean model, it appropriately got its own section in the chapter. The section on ranked retrieval is more bulky and describes seven models that use term and/or document statistics to compute a ranking of the retrieved documents. Hiemstra discusses the basics of the vector space model, the probabilistic model, fuzzy set models, the p-norm extended Boolean model, the 2-Poisson model, the extended probabilistic model, and Bayesian network models. The final section provides an overview of algorithms for term weighting, a critical factor in the performance of text retrieval systems. Devoting a separate section to term weighting, results in a very readable chapter. Hiemstra describes the algorithms from a historical point of view, escorting the reader through thirty years of term weighting experiments. tokenization, removing common words, reducing words to their stems, phrase extraction, splitting compound words, and conflation of synonyms. The second section focuses on the functionality of the operators that can be used for more advanced manual query formulation, like the basic Boolean operators, the proximity search operators ADJ and NEAR, and wildcards. Because of the clear example queries and references to actual commercial retrieval systems, this chapter is very accessible to read and might provide users of retrieval systems with new insights on how to formulate their requests more accurately. LANGUAGE MODEL-BASED IR Chapter 4 is the core of the dissertation. It presents Hiemstra's language modeling approach to information retrieval. The introductory section globally describes how the system works and provides a short (in my opinion too short) historical background of the theory of statistical language models. A more detailed description of the application of language models to automatic speech recognition would have been interesting. Furthermore, the section that reports of previous research on the application of language models to information retrieval might have been more elaborate. In Hiemstra's system, documents are ranked according to the probability of generating the user request. This probability is defined by a two-step statistical model. First, the query formulation model transforms the user request to a structured query representing all queries that might have generated the request. In a second step, the system uses the matching model of each document to calculate the probability that any of these queries was sampled from the document. Besides this basic retrieval model, the author introduces an extended model, which integrates statistical translation of words. This extension makes it possible to perform crosslanguage information retrieval, the subject to which Hiemstra dedicated the sixth chapter of his dissertation. QUERY FORMULATION The third chapter of the dissertation is completely devoted to the query. Even though this chapter aims at providing the background to Hiemstra's second main research question, it might as well have been a section of chapter two. The chapter is divided into two parts. The first section describes the most important issues in automatic query formulation: One of the most interesting concepts discussed in the dissertation is the estimation of term importance using the Expectation Maximization (EM) learning algorithm. This algorithm maximizes the probability of a query given a number of relevant documents by iteratively computing the expected importance of each term independently. In the remainder of the fourth chapter Hiemstra clarifies his retrieval model by presenting it in terms of hidden Markov models and Bayesian BNVKI Newsletter 68

### Ius Commune Training Programme 2015-2016 Amsterdam Masterclass 16 June 2016

www.iuscommune.eu Dear Ius Commune PhD researchers, You are kindly invited to attend the Ius Commune Amsterdam Masterclass for PhD researchers, which will take place on Thursday 16 June 2016. During this

### Ius Commune Training Programme Amsterdam Masterclass 22 June 2017

www.iuscommune.eu INVITATION Ius Commune Masterclass 22 June 2017 Amsterdam Dear Ius Commune PhD researchers, You are kindly invited to participate in the Ius Commune Amsterdam Masterclass for PhD researchers,

International Leiden Leadership Programme Information Evening 1 November 2016 Universiteit Leiden.. LLP Programme team Menno Mennes Lucille Brakefield Janna van Helden Ratna Lachmansingh Programme Bij

### FOR DUTCH STUDENTS! ENGLISH VERSION NEXT PAGE. Toets Inleiding Kansrekening 1 8 februari 2010

FOR DUTCH STUDENTS! ENGLISH VERSION NEXT PAGE Toets Inleiding Kansrekening 1 8 februari 2010 Voeg aan het antwoord van een opgave altijd het bewijs, de berekening of de argumentatie toe. Als je een onderdeel

### De grondbeginselen der Nederlandsche spelling / Regeling der spelling voor het woordenboek der Nederlandsche taal (Dutch Edition)

De grondbeginselen der Nederlandsche spelling / Regeling der spelling voor het woordenboek der Nederlandsche taal (Dutch Edition) L. A. te Winkel Click here if your download doesn"t start automatically

### Introductie in flowcharts

Introductie in flowcharts Flow Charts Een flow chart kan gebruikt worden om: Processen definieren en analyseren. Een beeld vormen van een proces voor analyse, discussie of communicatie. Het definieren,

### Appendix A: List of variables with corresponding questionnaire items (in English) used in chapter 2

167 Appendix A: List of variables with corresponding questionnaire items (in English) used in chapter 2 Task clarity 1. I understand exactly what the task is 2. I understand exactly what is required of

### LONDEN MET 21 GEVARIEERDE STADSWANDELINGEN 480 PAGINAS WAARDEVOLE INFORMATIE RUIM 300 FOTOS KAARTEN EN PLATTEGRONDEN

LONDEN MET 21 GEVARIEERDE STADSWANDELINGEN 480 PAGINAS WAARDEVOLE INFORMATIE RUIM 300 FOTOS KAARTEN EN PLATTEGRONDEN LM2GS4PWIR3FKEP-58-WWET11-PDF File Size 6,444 KB 117 Pages 27 Aug, 2016 TABLE OF CONTENT

### Online Resource 1. Title: Implementing the flipped classroom: An exploration of study behaviour and student performance

Online Resource 1 Title: Implementing the flipped classroom: An exploration of study behaviour and student performance Journal: Higher Education Authors: Anja J. Boevé, Rob R. Meijer, Roel J. Bosker, Jorien

### FOR DUTCH STUDENTS! ENGLISH VERSION NEXT PAGE. Toets Inleiding Kansrekening 1 7 februari 2011

FOR DUTCH STUDENTS! ENGLISH VERSION NEXT PAGE Toets Inleiding Kansrekening 1 7 februari 2011 Voeg aan het antwoord van een opgave altijd het bewijs, de berekening of de argumentatie toe. Als je een onderdeel

### Process Mining and audit support within financial services. KPMG IT Advisory 18 June 2014

Process Mining and audit support within financial services KPMG IT Advisory 18 June 2014 Agenda INTRODUCTION APPROACH 3 CASE STUDIES LEASONS LEARNED 1 APPROACH Process Mining Approach Five step program

### Interaction Design for the Semantic Web

Interaction Design for the Semantic Web Lynda Hardman http://www.cwi.nl/~lynda/courses/usi08/ CWI, Semantic Media Interfaces Presentation of Google results: text 2 1 Presentation of Google results: image

### Understanding the role of health literacy in self-management and health behaviors among older adults Geboers, Bas

University of Groningen Understanding the role of health literacy in self-management and health behaviors among older adults Geboers, Bas IMPORTANT NOTE: You are advised to consult the publisher's version

### General info on using shopping carts with Ingenico epayments

Inhoudsopgave 1. Disclaimer 2. What is a PSPID? 3. What is an API user? How is it different from other users? 4. What is an operation code? And should I choose "Authorisation" or "Sale"? 5. What is an

### University of Groningen. Who cares? Kamstra, Aafke

University of Groningen Who cares? Kamstra, Aafke IMPORTANT NOTE: You are advised to consult the publisher's version (publisher's PDF) if you wish to cite from it. Please check the document version below.

### B1 Woordkennis: Spelling

B1 Woordkennis: Spelling Bestuderen Inleiding Op B1 niveau gaan we wat meer aandacht schenken aan spelling. Je mag niet meer zoveel fouten maken als op A1 en A2 niveau. We bespreken een aantal belangrijke

From Padua to Groningen The effects of the CercleS Seminar in Padua in 2009 on writing Nederlands in gang (0-A2) Berna de Boer Benvenuti a tutti! Contents I. State of affairs in September 2009 II. The

### Impact en disseminatie. Saskia Verhagen Franka vd Wijdeven

Impact en disseminatie Saskia Verhagen Franka vd Wijdeven Wie is wie? Voorstel rondje Wat hoop je te leren? Heb je iets te delen? Wat zegt de Programma Gids? WHAT DO IMPACT AND SUSTAINABILITY MEAN? Impact

### Travel Survey Questionnaires

Travel Survey Questionnaires Prot of Rotterdam and TU Delft, 16 June, 2009 Introduction To improve the accessibility to the Rotterdam Port and the efficiency of the public transport systems at the Rotterdam

### Opgave 2 Geef een korte uitleg van elk van de volgende concepten: De Yield-to-Maturity of a coupon bond.

Opgaven in Nederlands. Alle opgaven hebben gelijk gewicht. Opgave 1 Gegeven is een kasstroom x = (x 0, x 1,, x n ). Veronderstel dat de contante waarde van deze kasstroom gegeven wordt door P. De bijbehorende

### 150 ECG-problemen (Dutch Edition)

150 ECG-problemen (Dutch Edition) John R. Hampton, Piet Machielse Click here if your download doesn"t start automatically 150 ECG-problemen (Dutch Edition) John R. Hampton, Piet Machielse 150 ECG-problemen

### Engels op Niveau A2 Workshops Woordkennis 1

A2 Workshops Woordkennis 1 A2 Workshops Woordkennis 1 A2 Woordkennis 1 Bestuderen Hoe leer je 2000 woorden? Als je een nieuwe taal wilt spreken en schrijven, heb je vooral veel nieuwe woorden nodig. Je

### Understanding and being understood begins with speaking Dutch

Understanding and being understood begins with speaking Dutch Begrijpen en begrepen worden begint met het spreken van de Nederlandse taal The Dutch language links us all Wat leest u in deze folder? 1.

### Media en creativiteit. Winter jaar vier Werkcollege 7

Media en creativiteit Winter jaar vier Werkcollege 7 Kwartaaloverzicht winter Les 1 Les 2 Les 3 Les 4 Les 5 Les 6 Les 7 Les 8 Opbouw scriptie Keuze onderwerp Onderzoeksvraag en deelvragen Bespreken onderzoeksvragen

### The first line of the input contains an integer $t \in \mathbb{n}$. This is followed by $t$ lines of text. This text consists of:

Document properties Most word processors show some properties of the text in a document, such as the number of words or the number of letters in that document. Write a program that can determine some of

### FOR DUTCH STUDENTS! ENGLISH VERSION NEXT PAGE. Toets Inleiding Kansrekening 1 22 februari 2013

FOR DUTCH STUDENTS! ENGLISH VERSION NEXT PAGE Toets Inleiding Kansrekening 1 22 februari 2013 Voeg aan het antwoord van een opgave altijd het bewijs, de berekening of de argumentatie toe. Als je een onderdeel

### NMOZTMKUDLVDKECVLKBVESBKHWIDKPDF-WWUS Page File Size 9,952 KB 29 May, 2016

NAVIJVEN MINILAMPJES OM ZELF TE MAKEN KERSTFIGUREN UIT DE LAPPENMAND VOOR DE KINDERSSALOON EN COWBOYS VAN LOLLYSTOKJES KAMERBREED BOEKENREK VOOR EEN SMAL BUDGETGEBAKKEN KOEKFIGUURTJES HANGEN WE IN DE KERSTBOOM

### Zo werkt het in de apotheek (Basiswerk AG) (Dutch Edition)

Zo werkt het in de apotheek (Basiswerk AG) (Dutch Edition) C.R.C. Huizinga-Arp Click here if your download doesn"t start automatically Zo werkt het in de apotheek (Basiswerk AG) (Dutch Edition) C.R.C.

### Interaction Design for the Semantic Web

Interaction Design for the Semantic Web Lynda Hardman http://www.cwi.nl/~lynda/courses/usi08/ CWI, Interactive Information Access UvA, Institute for Informatics Presentation of Google results: text 2 1

### BE Nanoregistry Annual Public Report

1 BE Nanoregistry Annual Public Report Carine Gorrebeeck FPS Health, Food Chain Safety & Environment 2 WHY? The objectives of the registry (a.o.): - Traceability: allow competent authorities to intervene

### Digital municipal services for entrepreneurs

Digital municipal services for entrepreneurs Smart Cities Meeting Amsterdam October 20th 2009 Business Contact Centres Project frame Mystery Shopper Research 2006: Assessment services and information for

### S e v e n P h o t o s f o r O A S E. K r i j n d e K o n i n g

S e v e n P h o t o s f o r O A S E K r i j n d e K o n i n g Even with the most fundamental of truths, we can have big questions. And especially truths that at first sight are concrete, tangible and proven

### ALGORITMIEK: answers exercise class 7

Problem 1. See slides 2 4 of lecture 8. Problem 2. See slides 4 6 of lecture 8. ALGORITMIEK: answers exercise class 7 Problem 5. a. Als we twee negatieve (< 0) getallen bij elkaar optellen is het antwoord

### Leading in Learning -> studiesucces. Ellen Bastiaens Programmamanager Leading in Learning 13 juni 2012

Leading in Learning -> studiesucces Ellen Bastiaens Programmamanager Leading in Learning 13 juni 2012 Implementatie van matchingsinstrument Matching na de poort wordt aan de poort Vooropleiding Bachelor

### vooropleiding international Dutch as a second Nederlands Tweede Taal

INFORMATION FOR STUDENTS WITH AN international PRE- UNIVERSITY EDUCATION FOUNDATION YEAR FOR international STUDENTS VU UNIVERSITY () Dutch as a second Language () INFORMATIE VOOR STUDENTEN MET EEN BUITENLANDSE

### FOR DUTCH STUDENTS! ENGLISH VERSION NEXT PAGE

FOR DUTCH STUDENTS! ENGLISH VERSION NEXT PAGE Tentamen Bewijzen en Technieken 1 7 januari 211, duur 3 uur. Voeg aan het antwoord van een opgave altijd het bewijs, de berekening of de argumentatie toe.

### Stars FILE 7 STARS BK 2

Stars FILE 7 STARS BK 2 Of course you have seen X-Factor, The Voice or Got Talent on TV or via the Internet. What is your favourite act? Do you like the dancing performances or would you rather listen

### Researchcentrum voor Onderwijs en Arbeidsmarkt The role of mobility in higher education for future employability

The role of mobility in higher education for future employability Jim Allen Overview Results of REFLEX/HEGESCO surveys, supplemented by Dutch HBO-Monitor Study migration Mobility during and after HE Effects

### Comics FILE 4 COMICS BK 2

Comics FILE 4 COMICS BK 2 The funny characters in comic books or animation films can put smiles on people s faces all over the world. Wouldn t it be great to create your own funny character that will give

### Over dit boek. Richtlijnen voor gebruik

Over dit boek Dit is een digitale kopie van een boek dat al generaties lang op bibliotheekplanken heeft gestaan, maar nu zorgvuldig is gescand door Google. Dat doen we omdat we alle boeken ter wereld online

This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project to make the world s books discoverable online. It has

### SHICO: SHIFTING CONCEPTS OVER TIME

SHICO: SHIFTING CONCEPTS OVER TIME Tracing Concepts in Dutch Newspaper Discourse using Sequential Word Vector Spaces Melvin Wevers Translantis Project Digital Humanities Approaches to Reference Cultures:

### Het beheren van mijn Tungsten Network Portal account NL 1 Manage my Tungsten Network Portal account EN 14

QUICK GUIDE C Het beheren van mijn Tungsten Network Portal account NL 1 Manage my Tungsten Network Portal account EN 14 Version 0.9 (June 2014) Per May 2014 OB10 has changed its name to Tungsten Network

Vergaderen in het Engels In dit artikel beschrijven we verschillende situaties die zich kunnen voordoen tijdens een business meeting. Na het doorlopen van deze zinnen zal je genoeg kennis hebben om je

### Firewall van de Speedtouch 789wl volledig uitschakelen?

Firewall van de Speedtouch 789wl volledig uitschakelen? De firewall van de Speedtouch 789 (wl) kan niet volledig uitgeschakeld worden via de Web interface: De firewall blijft namelijk op stateful staan

### Unit 14: Brand Development & Promotion

Unit 14: Brand Development & Promotion Complete unit Task 1: Definition about Marketing Communications Kotler: 1 Task 1: Branding Mix: Task 1: Kotler & Armstrong 2012: 2 Task 1: Nieuwe denken anno 2015:

### Invloed van het aantal kinderen op de seksdrive en relatievoorkeur

Invloed van het aantal kinderen op de seksdrive en relatievoorkeur M. Zander MSc. Eerste begeleider: Tweede begeleider: dr. W. Waterink drs. J. Eshuis Oktober 2014 Faculteit Psychologie en Onderwijswetenschappen

- In dit essay/werkstuk/deze scriptie zal ik nagaan/onderzoeken/evalueren/analyseren Algemene inleiding van het werkstuk In this essay/paper/thesis I shall examine/investigate/evaluate/analyze Om deze

### Examenreglement Opleidingen/ Examination Regulations

Examenreglement Opleidingen/ Examination Regulations Wilde Wijze Vrouw, Klara Adalena August 2015 For English translation of our Examination rules, please scroll down. Please note that the Dutch version

### Learning from Videos in Open Online Education

Learning from Videos in Open Online Education Tim van der Zee Email: t.van.der.zee@iclon.leidenuniv.nl Twitter: @Research_Tim Website & Blog: www.timvanderzee.com Videos in online education Videos

### ETS 4.1 Beveiliging & ETS app concept

ETS 4.1 Beveiliging & ETS app concept 7 juni 2012 KNX Professionals bijeenkomst Nieuwegein Annemieke van Dorland KNX trainingscentrum ABB Ede (in collaboration with KNX Association) 12/06/12 Folie 1 ETS

### Citation for published version (APA): Jambroes, M. (2015). The public health workforce: An assessment in the Netherlands

UvA-DARE (Digital Academic Repository) The public health workforce: An assessment in the Netherlands Jambroes, M. Link to publication Citation for published version (APA): Jambroes, M. (2015). The public

### Chromosomal crossover

Chromosomal crossover As one of the last steps of genetic recombination two homologous chromosomes can exchange genetic material during meiosis in a process that is referred to as synapsis. Because of

### Een vrouw, een kind en azijn (Dutch Edition)

Een vrouw, een kind en azijn (Dutch Edition) D.J. Peek Click here if your download doesn"t start automatically Een vrouw, een kind en azijn (Dutch Edition) D.J. Peek Een vrouw, een kind en azijn (Dutch

### Een vrouw, een kind en azijn (Dutch Edition)

Een vrouw, een kind en azijn (Dutch Edition) D.J. Peek Click here if your download doesn"t start automatically Een vrouw, een kind en azijn (Dutch Edition) D.J. Peek Een vrouw, een kind en azijn (Dutch

### Verbindingswoorden die informatie toevoegen

Met verbindingswoorden en signaalwoorden ( transitions ) geef je de relatie aan van zinnen in je tekst, maar ook van je ideeën. Zonder verbindingswoorden vormt je tekst geen geheel. Er zijn verschillende

### Intercultural Mediation through the Internet Hans Verrept Intercultural mediation and policy support unit

1 Intercultural Mediation through the Internet Hans Verrept Intercultural mediation and policy support unit 2 Structure of the presentation - What is intercultural mediation through the internet? - Why

### CHROMA STANDAARDREEKS

CHROMA STANDAARDREEKS Chroma-onderzoeken Een chroma geeft een beeld over de kwaliteit van bijvoorbeeld een bodem of compost. Een chroma bestaat uit 4 zones. Uit elke zone is een bepaald kwaliteitsaspect

### Quick scan method to evaluate your applied (educational) game. Validated scales from comprehensive GEM (Game based learning Evaluation Model)

WHAT IS LITTLE GEM? Quick scan method to evaluate your applied (educational) game (light validation) 1. Standardized questionnaires Validated scales from comprehensive GEM (Game based learning Evaluation

### Determinanten en Barrières van Seksuele Patiëntenvoorlichting. aan Kankerpatiënten door Oncologieverpleegkundigen

Determinanten en Barrières van Seksuele Patiëntenvoorlichting aan Kankerpatiënten door Oncologieverpleegkundigen Determinants and Barriers of Providing Sexual Health Care to Cancer Patients by Oncology

### FOR DUTCH STUDENTS! ENGLISH VERSION NEXT PAGE

FOR DUTCH STUDENTS! ENGLISH VERSION NEXT PAGE Tentamen Analyse 6 januari 203, duur 3 uur. Voeg aan het antwoord van een opgave altijd het bewijs, de berekening of de argumentatie toe. Als je een onderdeel

### University of Groningen Educational value of digital examination

University of Groningen Educational value of digital examination Benefits Digital Examination HANDWRITING CORRECTING 1 2 3 Do you remember the Correcting the essay exams in handwriting from your students

### Aim of this presentation. Give inside information about our commercial comparison website and our role in the Dutch and Spanish energy market

Aim of this presentation Give inside information about our commercial comparison website and our role in the Dutch and Spanish energy market Energieleveranciers.nl (Energysuppliers.nl) Founded in 2004

### Een vrouw, een kind en azijn (Dutch Edition)

Een vrouw, een kind en azijn (Dutch Edition) D.J. Peek Click here if your download doesn"t start automatically Een vrouw, een kind en azijn (Dutch Edition) D.J. Peek Een vrouw, een kind en azijn (Dutch

### Nieuwsbrief NRGD. Editie 11 Newsletter NRGD. Edition 11. pagina 1 van 5. http://nieuwsbrieven.nrgd.nl/newsletter/email/47

pagina 1 van 5 Kunt u deze nieuwsbrief niet goed lezen? Bekijk dan de online versie Nieuwsbrief NRGD Editie 11 Newsletter NRGD Edition 11 17 MAART 2010 Het register is nu opengesteld! Het Nederlands Register

### ESOMAR PAPER: Four simple strategies: 25% more ROI for newspaper advertisement

ESOMAR PAPER: Four simple strategies: 25% more ROI for newspaper advertisement Learnings from 2011 case for: Erdee Media Group Cebuco, Amsterdam BY Martin Leeflang (Validators) Esomar Paper Augustus 2011

### Published in: Onderwijs Research Dagen 2013 (ORD2013), mei 2013, Brussel, Belgie

Samenwerkend leren van leerkrachten : leeropbrengsten gerelateerd aan activiteiten en foci van samenwerking Doppenberg, J.J.; den Brok, P.J.; Bakx, A.W.E.A. Published in: Onderwijs Research Dagen 2013

### AN URBAN PLAYGROUND AFSTUDEERPROJECT

AN URBAN PLAYGROUND 2005 Het vraagstuk van de openbare ruimte in naoorlogse stadsuitbreidingen, in dit geval Van Eesteren s Amsterdam West, is speels benaderd door het opknippen van een traditioneel stadsplein

### Preventie en voorlichting (Basiswerk AG) (Dutch Edition)

Preventie en voorlichting (Basiswerk AG) (Dutch Edition) M. van der Burgt, M. Dettingmeijer, E. van Mechelen-Gevers Click here if your download doesn"t start automatically Preventie en voorlichting (Basiswerk

### Pattern Cronelia s Seashell blanket

Pattern Cronelia s Seashell blanket I got the inspiration for his blanket from a postcard I once bought. Pagina 1 Cygnet Yarns has lovely colours in their range that reminded me of those shells. For this

### LDA Topic Modeling. Informa5ekunde als hulpwetenschap. 9 maart 2015

LDA Topic Modeling Informa5ekunde als hulpwetenschap 9 maart 2015 LDA Voor de pauze: Wat is LDA? Wat kan je er mee? Hoe werkt het (Gibbs sampling)? Na de pauze Achterliggende concepten à Dirichlet distribu5e

### FOR DUTCH STUDENTS! ENGLISH VERSION NEXT PAGE

FOR DUTCH STUDENTS! ENGLISH VERSION NEXT PAGE Tentamen Analyse 8 december 203, duur 3 uur. Voeg aan het antwoord van een opgave altijd het bewijs, de berekening of de argumentatie toe. Als jeeen onderdeel

### Welke factoren beïnvloeden het gezamenlijk leren door leraren? Een systematische literatuurreview Thurlings, M.C.G.; den Brok, P.J.

Welke factoren beïnvloeden het gezamenlijk leren door leraren? Een systematische literatuurreview Thurlings, M.C.G.; den Brok, P.J. Published in: Onderwijs Research Dagen(ORD), 11-12 Juni 2014, Groningen,

### WEGWIJZER VOOR METHODEN BIJ PROJECTMANAGEMENT (PROJECT MANAGEMENT) (DUTCH EDITION) BY EDWIN BAARDMAN, GERARD BAKKER, JAN VAN BEIJNHEM, FR

Read Online and Download Ebook WEGWIJZER VOOR METHODEN BIJ PROJECTMANAGEMENT (PROJECT MANAGEMENT) (DUTCH EDITION) BY EDWIN BAARDMAN, GERARD BAKKER, JAN VAN BEIJNHEM, FR DOWNLOAD EBOOK : WEGWIJZER VOOR

### Verschillen in het Gebruik van Geheugenstrategieën en Leerstijlen. Differences in the Use of Memory Strategies and Learning Styles

Verschillen in het Gebruik van Geheugenstrategieën en Leerstijlen tussen Leeftijdsgroepen Differences in the Use of Memory Strategies and Learning Styles between Age Groups Rik Hazeu Eerste begeleider:

### De Samenhang tussen Dagelijkse Stress en Depressieve Symptomen en de Mediërende Invloed van Controle en Zelfwaardering

De Samenhang tussen Dagelijkse Stress en Depressieve Symptomen en de Mediërende Invloed van Controle en Zelfwaardering The Relationship between Daily Hassles and Depressive Symptoms and the Mediating Influence

### University of Groningen. Pieces of the Puzzle Vissia, Eline Margreta

University of Groningen Pieces of the Puzzle Vissia, Eline Margreta IMPORTANT NOTE: You are advised to consult the publisher's version (publisher's PDF) if you wish to cite from it. Please check the document

### A2 Workshops Grammatica Heden

Bestuderen Present Simple Normaal Hoe maak je de Present Simple? Kijk eerst maar even naar het volgende rijtje. I You He She It We You see see sees sees sees see see They see Je ziet dat het heel eenvoudig

### 01/ M-Way. cables

01/ 2015 M-Way cables M-WaY Cables There are many ways to connect devices and speakers together but only few will connect you to the music. My Way of connecting is just one of many but proved it self over

### IDENTITEIT IN DE METHODE?

74 IDENTITEIT IN DE METHODE? ONDERZOEK DOOR EEN LERAAR IN OPLEIDING Bram de Muynck en Esther Langerak 75 Van lectoraten wordt gevraagd om ook studenten te betrekken bij onderzoek. Dit gebeurt bij het lectoraat

### Ontpopping. ORGACOM Thuis in het Museum

Ontpopping Veel deelnemende bezoekers zijn dit jaar nog maar één keer in het Van Abbemuseum geweest. De vragenlijst van deze mensen hangt Orgacom in een honingraatpatroon. Bezoekers die vaker komen worden

### Developing an adaptive, diagnostic test of. English writing skills

Developing an adaptive, diagnostic test of English writing skills Development of the DET Objectives Consultation IT Student model Consultation External committee Research Student models Psychometric Automatic

### University of Groningen

University of Groningen Moving towards independence? Evaluation of the 'Mobility Opportunities Via Education' curriculum with children with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities van der Putten,

### Settings for the C100BRS4 MAC Address Spoofing with cable Internet.

Settings for the C100BRS4 MAC Address Spoofing with cable Internet. General: Please use the latest firmware for the router. The firmware is available on http://www.conceptronic.net! Use Firmware version

### Het Effect van Verschil in Sociale Invloed van Ouders en Vrienden op het Alcoholgebruik van Adolescenten.

Het Effect van Verschil in Sociale Invloed van Ouders en Vrienden op het Alcoholgebruik van Adolescenten. The Effect of Difference in Peer and Parent Social Influences on Adolescent Alcohol Use. Nadine

### Behandeleffecten. in Forensisch Psychiatrisch Center de Rooyse Wissel. Treatment effects in. Forensic Psychiatric Centre de Rooyse Wissel

Behandeleffecten in Forensisch Psychiatrisch Center de Rooyse Wissel Treatment effects in Forensic Psychiatric Centre de Rooyse Wissel S. Daamen-Raes Eerste begeleider: Dr. W. Waterink Tweede begeleider:

### Educational Design as Conversation

1 Educational Design as Conversation Inter-professional dialogue about the teaching of academic communications skills EATAW 2011 - Jacqueline van Kruiningen, University of Groningen Grading papers collaboratively

### University of Groningen. Structured diabetes care in general practice Fokkens, Sudara Andrea

University of Groningen Structured diabetes care in general practice Fokkens, Sudara Andrea IMPORTANT NOTE: You are advised to consult the publisher's version (publisher's PDF) if you wish to cite from

### Functioneel Ontwerp / Wireframes:

Functioneel Ontwerp / Wireframes: Het functioneel ontwerp van de ilands applicatie voor op de iphone is gebaseerd op het iphone Human Interface Guidelines handboek geschreven door Apple Inc 2007. Rounded-Rectangle

### Quality requirements concerning the packaging of oak lumber of Houthandel Wijers vof (09.09.14)

Quality requirements concerning the packaging of oak lumber of (09.09.14) Content: 1. Requirements on sticks 2. Requirements on placing sticks 3. Requirements on construction pallets 4. Stick length and

### SYMPOSIUM ERGOTHERAPEUTEN

Vrijdag 12 september 2014 HOW TO DO COGNITIVE REHABILITATION WORKSHOP FOR PROFESSIONALS Moderator Instructors Turid Deisz Kit Malia & Anne Brannagan Where cognitive impairment is causing management difficulties